Medicinal plants

Medicinal plants

Medicinal plants are plants that contain one or more of their active ingredients. This substance, which makes up less than 1% of the dry weight of the plant, has effective medicinal properties.

In ancient medicine, medicines were made from plants. There are about 8000 species of plants in Iran, of which 2300 species are aromatic and medicinal plants, and 450 of these species are sold in Iranian perfumeries.

Botany also had a long history in pre-Islamic Iran. In Avesta, "Ouro Bishe Zu" (herbal medicine) has been praised many times, and the word Oruro means the guardian angel plant of Amratat (Amrdad), which is itself one of the Amshaspandans and the perfection of immortality. Iranian physicians were aware of hundreds of medicinal plants and plants and considered them sacred.

Medicinal plants include parts of the plant that are sold after drying, without making any changes in shops and perfumeries. Medicinal plants such as cumin, fennel, cardamom or cinnamon are plants that have some proven medicinal properties, which are mostly harmless or harmless, but herbal medicines are the result of converting some plants into medicine in pharmaceutical factories and through a special and sterile process.

With these explanations and mentioning the difference between medicinal plants and herbal medicines, it should be said that perfumers only have the right to sell medicinal plants, plants whose number is known and their benefits and side effects have been proven to be uncomplicated or less complicated over the years. It is certain that excessive consumption of any type of food, whether plant or chemical, can be harmful to the body.

First, it should be noted that the production of quality herbal medicine requires the use of quality medicinal plants. For this purpose, accuracy in all stages of planting, holding and harvesting and even post-harvest stages of medicinal plants is very important and necessary to preserve the effective ingredients of these plants. After preparing the appropriate plant, the processing of these plants should be done in accordance with scientific criteria in selecting the appropriate solvent and optimal extraction conditions. The importance of this step is also very important in maintaining the natural and effective compounds in the plant during the extraction process. Finally, the final product is formulated to achieve the highest level of effectiveness and maintain the stability of medicinal properties. In Zardband Company, all the above-mentioned steps are under the strict control of experts in compliance with the criteria of "Quality Control during Production" (IPQC).

Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times. Plants synthesise hundreds of chemical compounds for functions including defence against insects, fungi, diseases, and herbivorous mammals. Numerous phytochemicals with potential or established biological activity have been identified. However, since a single plant contains widely diverse phytochemicals, the effects of using a whole plant as medicine are uncertain. Further, the phytochemical content and pharmacological actions, if any, of many plants having medicinal potential remain unassessed by rigorous scientific research to define efficacy and safety.

Medicinal plants and aromatic plants are mainly consumed in the following forms.
  • Fresh plant Fresh plant
  • Dried or canned plant
  • Processed by heat processed plant
  • Extraction of effective materials in Plant Industry

Medicinal plants include parts of the plant that are sold after drying, without making any changes in shops and perfumeries. Medicinal plants such as cumin, fennel, cardamom or cinnamon are plants that have some proven medicinal properties, which are mostly harmless or harmless, but herbal medicines are the result of converting some plants into medicine in pharmaceutical factories and through a special and sterile process. With these explanations and mentioning the difference between medicinal plants and herbal medicines, it should be said that perfumers only have the right to sell medicinal plants, plants whose number is known and their benefits and side effects have been proven to be uncomplicated or less complicated over the years. It is certain that excessive consumption of any type of food, whether plant or chemical, can be harmful to the body.

The answer to this question is no. Traditional medicine is a medical school that is based on the theories and scientific principles presented by great scientists such as Hippocrates, Galen, Abu Ali Sina and Muhammad Zakaria Razi and is fundamentally different from conventional medicine. Although in traditional medicine, medicinal plants are used along with many other natural materials (such as animal and mineral materials, etc.), but traditional medicine can not be described as equivalent to herbal medicine. Modern phytotherapy is a science based on recognizing the medicinal properties of plants. This knowledge is based on modern scientific methodology (falsifiability, reproducibility, experiments, etc.) and in those cases such as clinical trials, quality control and standardization of medicinal plants and extracts based on knowledge of the mechanism of action, the amount of effective ingredients. Medication, non-toxicity, interactions and their possible side effects are examined. Therefore, in these two treatments, some plants may be prescribed for similar therapeutic purposes, but in many cases, it is observed that not only the amount of consumption but even the uses of plants are not the same.